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You do not see them, but these seven active safety systems are in all motorcycles to save the lives of bikers
You do not see them, but these seven active safety systems are in all motorcycles to save the lives of bikers
Anonim

As the years go by active safety elements on the motorcycle evolve to be able to facilitate driving when we circulate on the roads. Many, especially those from the old school, will tell you that they themselves are their best security element, but the truth is, that all the systems that have appeared make our lives much easier and help us stay in one piece..

ABS, tire pressure control, electronic suspension adjustment… Are elements that are increasingly within our reach, especially in the new models that come onto the market. It is something to take into account if we are going to buy a new motorcycle, because it is very likely that they will prevent an accident or even save our lives.

What is active and passive safety?

Passive Safety Helmet

The first thing before starting to get into the matter, is to define what exactly is an active safety element and another for passive safety. In a very simple way, we could say that active safety elements are those that act to prevent an accident, those that are there to take care of us at all times.

On the other hand, those of passive safety are those that come into operation when the accident has already occurred, such as, for example, the helmet, the gloves, the jackets, the current airbags, etc … All of them try to minimize the damage that can be generated when the mishap has already occurred.

1. ABS, anti-lock braking system

Abs

This is probably the most well-known active safety element, after all it is one of the most common and it is already mandatory with Euro 4. It is a system that act on the brakes avoiding the fall in the event of braking, releasing pressure from the circuit when it detects that one of the wheels has blocked.

Thanks to this, we can reduce braking distance without losing control of our motorcycle, which will allow us to perform maneuvers, for example, to avoid an object or stop more safely on slippery surfaces.

The latest evolution within this system is the corner braking control which, through sensors that capture signals of turn, inclination, dive and transversal acceleration, regulate the pressure that we exert on the lever when we brake and it is transmitted more slowly and more uniformly through the ABS. In fact, what it does is be even more predictive and anticipate the blockage without actually allowing any loss of adherence to exist.

2. The CBS. Combined brake system

Combined Brake System

Its operation is very simple and what happens is that, even if we only use one of the available brakes, the brake system automatic way, it also sends some braking power to the other wheel, making it more effective when stopping the vehicle.

By distributing braking pressure between both axles instead of on just one, the motorcycle brakes "flat", thus avoiding weight transfers or excess workload for a single wheel. The normal thing in a system of this type is that I actuated the front brake automatically when we used the rear brake, although in some models the system is bi-directional, braking from behind when we apply the front brake.

3. Tire pressure control

Michelin Pilot Power Rs

The tire is the only element that is in contact with the ground of our motorcycle and it is also the first element of the suspension system. You don't have to have a very worn wheel to have a scare or an accident, simply by not having one correct inflation pressure It can already happen to us and to make life easier, these new systems have appeared.

The most basic are simply a valve cap that activates an LED or changes color when the inflation pressure of our tires falls below the recommended. But today there are already systems that act remotely and what they do is monitor pressure and transmit it to the information screen notifying us in case of having a low pressure.

Tire Pressure Control

Equal to bad that having little pressure is rolling with excess of it, so you must always try to carry the pressure recommended by the manufacturer so that the tires work correctly, offer you their optimal performance and wear naturally.

4. Stability control

Honda X Adv 2017 3

Until a few years ago it seemed that stability control was only available for cars, but no, it has also come to the motorcycle to increase our safety and is one of the most innovative elements as far as active safety is concerned.

In this system, an additional sensor measures the actual lean angle the motorcycle is at and allows its control unit to adjust to specific driving needs. acting on braking and acceleration electronically. With this, the best possible support is achieved and the stability of the motorcycle is maintained.

5. Dynamic traction control

Ktm 1290 Super Duke R 2017 070

When road conditions are changing, we drive on surfaces where grip is conspicuous by its absence or the rear tire receives more power than it can transmit, this is when we will realize what the traction control does for us. This system has evolved a lot in a very short time and already uses a lot of information collected through sensors installed throughout the motorcycle.

What happens in this system is that detects if the rear wheel is spinning too fast with respect to the lead. This is measured by the ABS sensors and analyzed together with the rest of the data provided by the sensors, reducing the torque sent to the rear wheel if necessary.

This delivery reduction can act on ignition, injection and throttle, modulating how much energy we carry to the rear train until the situation is under control again.

6. Electronic suspension adjustment

Ducati Multistrada 1200 Enduro Test 063

On our motorcycle, we can regulate suspension in three different ways: spring preload, which allows us to adjust its hardness, compression (the resistance of the shock absorber when it is compressed) and extension (the resistance that the shock absorber opposes when it is extending). Until not long ago, all this was done manually, but now, thanks to electronics, adjusting these parameters is much easier. On the motorcycles that equip it, of course.

Programs with names such as "normal", "sport" or "comfort" will regulate the settings automatically and instantly, making it easier for us to adjust the motorcycle's setting every time we need it. In addition, intelligent systems allow us to detect the type of driving we are doing and the control unit will be in charge of modifying these parameters to adapt them to our needs at all times.

Electronic Suspension

A clear example is that of the Ducati Multistrada 1200 Enduro. If you are doing a section of curves in Sport mode and you suddenly feel like doing an offroad section you will be able to recognize the change and adapt the suspensions to a country use.

7. Dynamic lighting

Illumination

It may seem silly to us, but evolution in the way of lighting our way and that we are seen by the rest of users has evolved a lot and has led to an increase in our active security.

The LED and variable tilt headlights they are the most modern thing that exists. The latter adapt the lighting according to the inclination of the motorcycle and illuminate the inside of the curve to increase our visibility when we are turning. We were able to test it again on the KTM 1290 S Super Adventure a few months ago and its performance was pleasantly surprised.

Ducati Multistrada 1200 S Susana Guerra 031

All these new active safety devices that are appearing for our motorcycle are created to reduce claims in situations where we can lose control. Fighting against the imposition of these new technologies is putting our own safety at stake when we take our motorcycle and leave the garage.

Any advance in safety that can save us in any mishapwelcome.

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